Pursuing Victory With Honor Essay
Mark Danner The Truth of El Mozote
But follow the stony dirt track, which turns and twists through the woodland, and in a few minutes you enter a large clearing, and here all is quiet.
Pursuing Victory With Honor Essay
They were big men, well fed, and they looked even bigger than they were, outfitted in high black boots and uniforms of heavy greenish-brown cloth, with automatic rifles on their backs, and razor-sharp machetes hanging at their belts. A few minutes later, they returned, pushing along the last group of women, and now rufina heard the sequence the cries of terror, the screaming, the begging, and the shooting all over again. Colonel moody hayes, who was then the milgroup commander, refused to discuss el mozote with me, explaining that he didnt know what might still be classified, while officers from the defense attachés office and from milgroup who were willing to talk generally dismissed the charge as unfounded.
Under the gaze of major cceres, who was then with the first company, the troops entered the town of arambala, brought out the people who had remained there, and assembled them in the plaza. We couldnt do anything with the badly charred people, but the others we buried. I mean, they saw something moving out there, they shot it deer, pigs, whatever.
And though the soldiers made a halfhearted attempt to scrawl a few leftist slogans, it would very shortly become clear that those who had done this work were the men of the atlacatl. The americans landed at the brigade command in san miguel to refuel and to receive their first briefing. By 1980, small groups of young guerrillas were operating throughout northern morazn, drawing food and support from sympathetic peasants, and launching raids from time to time against the national guard posts in the towns.
I knew the guerrillas would never have masqueraded something like this, would never have fabricated it, if they were offering safe-conduct. A large professional army would have reoccupied territory and sent out aggressive patrols, all the while doing political work in the countryside to regain the loyalty of the people. Army side, about the conduct of the combat operation, he said.
When the men of his atlacatl battalion touched down in perqun that tuesday morning in december, storming from helicopters in a crouch, gripping their helmets tightly against the backwash from the rotors, the officers had in their pockets lists of names to hand to the national guardsmen. They waited until it had reached its apogee, pointed a remote-control device in a direct line of sight, and pressed the button. The message about el mozote the version that the salvadoran army had presumably already provided the defense attachés office was, in effect, that the army had fought hard to dislodge a large company of guerrillas from the town, and though perhaps a few civilians had been killed in the crossfire, soldiers certainly had not carried out a massacre.
Looking out a window of the tightly crowded house well over a hundred women and children had been forced into a space meant for perhaps a dozen rufina saw the helicopter touch down in the plaza and half a dozen officers climb out. In the entire summary, only one point is considered solid enough to be dubbed certain that the guerrilla forces who established defensive positions in el mozote did nothing to remove civilians from the path of battle. And yet six weeks after the events were alleged to have taken place the embassy reported that it had not managed to discover which units were in el mozote this although at least ten american advisers were assigned to the atlacatl, the unit accused in all the press reports. The campaign intensified dramatically after the progressive coup of october, 1979. I certainly thought that when i first heard about it.
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Pursuing Victory With Honor Essay
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Pursuing Victory With Honor Essay
The most traumatizing thing was looking at these little houses where whole families had been blown away these recognizable human beings, in their little dresses, just lying there mummifying in the sun. Foot locker wants to celebrate you not just because you scored the game-winning point but because sports have helped you grow into a strong leader at school and in your community.
We reported what we saw, and the main requirement was to distinguish between what you saw and what other people said, This kind of needling would likely have assured that.
The time had come to bring the war to an end. Bonner and meiselas, and guillermoprieto, describe the trip in the same way hiking all night through the moonlit mountains, and at dawn coming upon the first guerrilla camp a scattering of tents, under pine trees, that held twenty-five or thirty people.
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It was that, for the rest of the report to have credibility among people who were far away and whose priorities were you know, were talking about people like tom enders whose priorities were definitely not necessarily about getting at exactly what happened in order for the report to have credibility, all those things have to be kept to a minimum. They were already sensitive about the civilian with me. Congress more than doubled military aid, from thirty-five million dollars to eighty-two million, and increased economic aid to more than twice that. Now the wailing of children made the houses seem smaller still. And they named their community segundo montes, after one of the fallen jesuits.
Travelling with the squad of soldiers, mckay and greentree left the refugee camp (bleakley, who had business in the camp, stayed at gotera), climbed into a military jeep, and headed up the black road. That very afternoon, at marcos dazs urging, people began fanning out from the hamlet into the outlying districts to spread the word that one and all should come to el mozote, and quickly, for only there would they be protected. Villalobos and his staff were hard at work planning an ambush for the town of joateca, a few miles east of el mozote. San vicente in 1982, for example, the massacre at el calabozo that involved more than two hundred people, he said. Hours earlier, when the chill of the night came on, rufina amaya had shivered, for the maguey had badly ripped her blouse and skirt.
I told them she had gone to the plaza the night before. They saw soldiers pass by, and saw a helicopter hover and descend. Hammer and anvil, or the piston, or something else, its all the same idea to try to expel the guerrillas from the zone. Last july, the secretary of states panel on el salvador, created in the wake of the truth commission report, concluded that the departments handling of the massacre investigation undermined the departments credibility with its critics and probably with the salvadorans in a serious way that has not healed. In the polarized and brutal world of wartime el salvador, the newspapers and radio stations simply ignored what rufina had to say, as they habitually ignored unpalatable accounts of how the government was prosecuting the war against the leftist rebels. The whole group was still outside the house the women grabbing one another and hugging one another and trying to resist. The only way clear had seemed to be to the north, toward the honduran border but, even as the radio venceremos announcers were putting out their last broadcast, urging the people of the zone to join the guerrilla columns, the guerrillas heard the helicopters approach and saw them pass overhead, carrying the troops of domingo monterrosas atlacatl battalion northward, to the mountain town of perqun. The three americans agreed that the information they gathered in the refugee camp was not explicit. The day after the certification was delivered to congress, the state department sent out a cable, over secretary of state haigs name, urging american diplomats to describe the el salvador policy as a grit-your-teeth policy to support a reformist junta, with a lot of bad eggs in and around it, in order to avoid a somoza-sandinista choice. If such a certification was not delivered to congress by january 29th, and convincingly defended, all funds and assistance for el salvador would be immediately suspended.Another great essay. I enjoy your writing so much Mr. Kingsworth– its like having my innermost feelings, thoughts and ideas given voice in a profoundly eloquent ...
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So they huddled inside in the darkness, listening anxiously to the laughter, starting up each time it was cut by a burst of automatic fire, and all the while trying to soothe the children. Here, dug into a rock niche half a dozen feet underground, was the studio of radio venceremos, which consisted of a small transmitter, an unwieldy gasoline generator, assorted tape recorders, microphones, and other paraphernalia, and a flexible antenna that snaked its way up through a forest of brush. The area north of the torola river, the heart of the red zone, was alive with the thud of mortars, the clatter of small-arms fire, and the intermittent roar of helicopters. Now, i dont want to hear that, afterward, while youre out drinking and bullshitting among yourselves, youre whining and complaining about this, about how terrible it was Buy now Pursuing Victory With Honor Essay
By late 1981, the priorities of american policy in el salvador had become unmistakable. We were going to make an example of these people. Echoing the strategy suggested in greentrees cable, enders went on, i note they asked how many people there were in that canton and were told probably not more than three hundred in december, and there are many survivors including refugees, now. He was short stooped, even with a slight paunch. The villagers were frightened of her, for they knew that it was after the matanza, the great killing of el mozote, that the witch had come to haunt the mountains.
They left san miguel and flew over the torola toward el mozote. Now and again, she heard a burst of gunfire Pursuing Victory With Honor Essay Buy now
It was intended not only as a statement of fact but as a general affirmation of principle in this bloody war, in the red zones, there was really no such thing as a civilian. Honduras or south toward gotera or into the guerrillas. Slowly, they drove through arambala, waving to the smiling little girls standing on their porch, and out onto the calle negra the black road which traced its way up the spine of the red zone, stretching north from the city of san francisco gotera to the mountain town of perqu?n, not far from the honduran border. Hours earlier, when the chill of the night came on, rufina amaya had shivered, for the maguey had badly ripped her blouse and skirt. Mckay finally sent off another cable through my own channels, presumably a military or an intelligence circuit and though i cant say categorically that i actually wrote something horrible happened, what i said was to the effect that something had occurred, because of the fear we had detected from the people there Buy Pursuing Victory With Honor Essay at a discount
From the house of alfredo mrquez, the soldiers marched the group of young women and girls some of them as young as ten years old out of the hamlet and up onto the hills known as el chingo and la cruz. You know, whenever he would take a village he would come in personally and do political work himself. San salvador that the heaviest fighting had occurred at el mozote. In the united states, the free press was not to be denied el mozote was reported rufinas story was told the angry debate in congress intensified. Monterrosa just climbed into his helicopter and said, if they want to talk to me, ill be out with my troops.
To this statement a number of congressmen responded with outraged eloquence Buy Online Pursuing Victory With Honor Essay
Sometime during these interviews, he and mckay became convinced that something had happened in el mozote. Finally, a sign announces perqun the road tilts sharply upward and becomes a street of large cobblestones and, after a few moments jolting, the traveller comes upon a dramatically uneven town square, which, despite blasted buildings and damaged streets, remains an oddly beautiful, vaguely otherworldly place. Atlacatl brigade had committed a massacre in a town called el mozote and in another called la joya, and that he thought there might be hundreds killed, and nothing had been cleaned up yet, wipfler says. Down in the hamlet, a few troops walked about here and there, patrolling. Here, according to the american officer, monterrosa now utilized the first person i do not have x-ray vision, and i cannot see inside the house from which someone is shooting at me nor in those type of circumstances am i very disposed to waste time trying to find out who else might be in the house Buy Pursuing Victory With Honor Essay Online at a discount
Gerry studds, democrat of massachusetts, told enders, if there is anything left of the english language in this city. Those men numbered ten by the time they reached a field in front of the clinic, which was a blur of unaccustomed activity helicopters landing and hovering and departing, and, amid the blast and the roar from the rotors, hundreds of men in green moving about, checking weapons, cinching the straps on their packs, and talking among themselves as officers marched back and forth shouting orders. A lot of people joined us as combatants then. Greentree was unable to accept the guerrillas offer to visit el mozote and have a look for himself. Morazn during the early eighties was a very small world, in which identity, or the perception of identity, often meant the difference between living and dying Pursuing Victory With Honor Essay For Sale
Around seven, they heard the sound of a helicopter approaching. They pulled the mothers away, leaving the children there crying. Rufinas story came to washington just when the countrys paramount cold war national-security concerns were clashing as loudly and unambiguously as they ever would during four decades with its professed high-minded respect for human rights. Soon the only sounds were those which trickled down from the hills laughter, intermittent screams, a few shots. Instead, the editorial said that the two journalists repeat interviews in which they were told that hundreds of civilians were killed in the village of mozote, and then said immediately afterward that enders later cast doubt on the reports as if enders, or his representatives, had actually made it to the village, as if the kind of evidence he was purveying were no different from what were, after all, two eyewitness accounts, if not of the events themselves, then of their aftermath For Sale Pursuing Victory With Honor Essay
And there, on the third day, in the silence of the ruined hamlet of el mozote, all the words and claims and counterclaims that had been loudly made for nearly eleven years abruptly gave way before the mute force of material fact. And he understood that you do this as cruelly, as brutally as possible you rape, impale, whatever, to show them the cost. Army spent a lot of time around here, rufina told me. The other victims of el mozote will continue to lie undisturbed in the soil of morazn. Hed pushed into the group of children, seized a little boy, thrown him in the air, and impaled him as he fell.
And the guerrillas knew about our relations with the army. I arrived here, in june of 1982, the salvadoran officers used to brag to me that they didnt take prisoners, colonel cash, the military attaché, said Sale Pursuing Victory With Honor Essay
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